What is the Relationship Between Diabetesand Glucose? When people eat ordinary table sugar, calledsucrose, the body digests it into fructose and glucose.
Glucose is a simple sugar that the body usesto provide the cells with energy.
The body normally protects itself from thedamaging effects of high glucose levels by neutralizing the glucose it does not need.
Insulin is the main substance used to keepblood glucose levels from becoming too high, but people who have diabetes might eitherhave a resistance to the effects of insulin or might not produce insulin at all.
This is how diabetes and glucose are related.
There are two types of diabetes, type 1 andtype 2.
In type 1 diabetes, the sufferer does notproduce insulin at all.
People who have type 2 diabetes do produceinsulin, but their bodies do not respond to it as well as a healthy body would.
In either type, the relationship between diabetesand glucose is direct.
Untreated diabetes causes blood sugar to riseto unhealthy levels.
Diabetes and glucose levels can be controlledby diet, exercise or medication.
The mode of control depends on the severityand type of the disease.
People who have type 1 diabetes always haveto take insulin because their bodies simply do not produce it.
Control of type 2 diabetes might never involvethe use of insulin treatment if the patient is compliant with prescribed medication andlifestyle modification.
There is a direct correlation between diabetesand glucose tolerance.
Glucose tolerance is sometimes tested as partof the process of diabetes diagnosis.
The patient drinks a solution of sugar andwater right after having his or her blood sugar level tested.
Blood sugar is tested two to three hours afterdrinking the solution.
A blood sugar level of 99 to 199 might indicateprediabetes, and levels of 200 and above call for a clear diagnosis of diabetes.
Another test for diabetes involves checkingthe blood glucose level after the patient has been fasting for at least eight hours.
If the level is high enough to arouse suspicion,the practitioner might perform the same test on another day to confirm the diagnosis.
Further testing and medical history helpsdetermine the type of diabetes, which will in turn determine the course of treatment.