What are the Symptoms of Diabetes? Diabetes occurs when the body does not produceenough, or properly use insulin.
Our bodies use insulin to convert carbohydratesinto energy.
Approximately 13 million Americans have beendiagnosed with diabetes, though the cause is still unknown.
Many doctors believe lack of exercise andexcess weight are significant factors.
Many people do not know they are at risk fordiabetes.
If a person is under 65 and gets little orno exercise, or over 65, he may be a candidate for diabetes.
If a person is overweight, has a family historyof diabetes, or is Hispanic, African American, Asian American, Native American, or a PacificIslander, he may be a candidate for diabetes.
A woman who has given birth to a baby weighingmore than nine pounds may also have a higher risk for diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes include extreme thirstand hunger, weight loss, fatigue, frequent urination, general irritability, and blurredvision.
Most people experience each of these symptomsfrom time to time, so they are easily ignored.
If you or a loved one experiences some orall of these symptoms regularly, see your doctor about diabetes testing.
Pre-diabetes is a condition when blood sugarlevels are elevated, but have not reached dangerous levels.
Having pre-diabetes does not mean a personwill ultimately have diabetes.
Progression to diabetes can be avoided throughweight loss, diet, exercise, avoiding tobacco, and lowering blood pressure and cholesterollevels.
To test for diabetes or pre-diabetes, a doctorwill give a Fasting Plasma Glucose Test or an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test to determineblood sugar levels.
After a fast, if blood sugar levels are above100, a person may have pre-diabetes.
If blood sugar levels are above 125, a personmay have diabetes.
Treatment for diabetes includes insulin injectionsand a change in habits.
Daily exercise and a healthy diet of fruit,vegetables and whole grains will help to prevent diabetes.