What is Type 2 Diabetes? Type 2 diabetes is the most common form ofdiabetes mellitus.
It is also known as adult-onset diabetes ornoninsulin dependent diabetes, in a reference to two of its frequent distinguishing characteristics.
Like type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is notcurable, but it can be managed with the assistance of a doctor and some work on the part of thepatient.
Being diagnosed with the condition can befrightening, but a doctor should be able to refer patients to support groups and otherforms of assistance so that they can cope with the condition.
Diabetes mellitus is a condition which iscaused by a lack of insulin production in the body, or an inability to process insulinproperly.
Insulin is the compound which allows sugarto be absorbed and used by the body.
Without insulin, sugar builds up in the bloodstream,starving the cells of energy and potentially leading to serious medical problems such asblindness, kidney failure, nervous system problems, and heart attacks.
Because this condition can become fatal, patientsshould not ignore the symptoms and risk factors of diabetes.
Pets are also susceptible, so responsiblepet owners should keep an eye on the health of their companion animals as well.
In the case of type 2 diabetes, the onsetof diabetes tends to be slow, which can make it difficult to identify.
Some common symptoms include lethargy, hunger,thirst, and frequent urination.
A doctor can perform a test to determine whetherthe cause of these problems is diabetes.
Fortunately for patients, type 2 diabetesis largely preventable through diet and exercise, especially among at risk groups.
It appears that Native Americans, Latinos,Pacific Islanders, and people of Asian or African descent may be more at risk for type2 diabetes than others.
These individuals seem to have genetic precursorsfor the disease, which can be activated by inactivity or excessive food consumption.
For these reasons, at risk individuals needto be especially careful to eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and see a doctorfor frequent checkups.
If the condition is identified early, it ismuch more treatable.