the most common form of diabetes mellitus.
It is also known as adult-onset diabetes ornoninsulin dependent diabetes, in a reference to two of its frequent distinguishing characteristics.
Like type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is notcurable, but it can be managed with the assistance of a doctor and some work on the part of thepatient.
Being diagnosed with the condition can befrightening, but a doctor should be able to refer patients to support groups and otherforms of assistance so that they can cope with the condition.
Diabetes mellitus is a condition which iscaused by a lack of insulin production in the body, or an inability to process insulinproperly.
Insulin is the compound which allows sugarto be absorbed and used by the body.
Without insulin, sugar builds up in the bloodstream,starving the cells of energy and potentially leading to serious medical problems such asblindness, kidney failure, nervous system problems, and heart attacks.
Because this condition can become fatal, patientsshould not ignore the symptoms and risk factors of diabetes.
Pets are also susceptible, so responsiblepet owners should keep an eye on the health of their companion animals as well.
In the case of type 2 diabetes, the onsetof diabetes tends to be slow, which can make it difficult to identify.
Some common symptoms include lethargy, hunger,thirst, and frequent urination.
A doctor can perform a test to determine whetherthe cause of these problems is diabetes.
Fortunately for patients, type 2 diabetesis largely preventable through diet and exercise, especially among at risk groups.
It appears that Native Americans, Latinos,Pacific Islanders, and people of Asian or African descent may be more at risk for type2 diabetes than others.
These individuals seem to have genetic precursorsfor the disease, which can be activated by inactivity or excessive food consumption.
For these reasons, at risk individuals needto be especially careful to eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and see a doctorfor frequent checkups.
If the condition is identified early, it ismuch more treatable.
What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a condition in which the bodyfails to make or properly use insulin.
Insulin is a hormone the body uses to convertstarches, sugar, and other food products into energy for the body to use to allow it tofunction properly.
The four major types of diabetes are Type1, Type 2, gestational, and pre-diabetes.
World-wide, diabetes affects huge numbersof people.
In the United States alone, over 6% of thepopulation — roughly 18 million people — are diabetic.
While the exact causes remain a mystery, researchershave discovered certain symptoms.
These symptoms include extreme thirst andhunger, frequent urination, blurred vision, weight loss, fatigue, and irritability.
For people with Type 1 diabetes, insulin mustbe taken every day.
A diabetic will generally administer the insulinshot using a syringe or have someone else administer the shot for him.
This type is more common in Caucasians andin people who live in colder climates.
Type 2 diabetes can often be controlled bymonitoring the food one eats and by partaking in regular physical exercise.
Some Type 2 diabetics may also need to takeinsulin shots or pills to regulate their blood sugar levels.
Obesity is a major factor in developing thisform.
If a person has an unhealthy diet of fattyfood and exercises infrequently, he or she may be walking a path that will lead directlyto this disease.
Pregnant women who become diabetic duringtheir pregnancy have what is called gestational diabetes.
This form of the disease affects approximately4% of all pregnant women in the United States.
Women who become diabetics during their pregnancyare likely to have a family history of the condition.
Obesity again may play a factor.
Pre-diabetes is simply a term for an individualwho has blood glucose levels higher than normal.
People with this condition are not quite atdiabetic levels, but are more likely to develop the disease.
Though children of diabetics will not necessarilyinherit the disease from their parents, research has shown that these children are more likelyto get it than children of non-diabetics.
Type 1 is also less common in people who werebreastfed as infants.
Diabetes is a serious disease which can leadto heart problems, strokes, loss of limbs due to poor circulation, and death.
Research continues to indicate that regularexercise and a healthy diet are two factors which can help people avoid this condition.